Madrid is a real "open air museum". You will never get bored of exploring its churches, temples and countless other sites that will give you a lot of memories.
Madrid is a multinational city. It is not only an economical but cultural center of Spain. It is known by its year’s long history. Madrid was established in X century. The name Madrid comes from Arabic “machra”- water and “it” – abundance and means a source of high water.
Madrid is famous for its architecture. The city is justifiably called “open air museum “. Cathedrals, temples, catholic churches, baroque style buildings, countless Modern art galleries and exhibitions can be found in gorgeous Madrid.
Usually it’s a calm city that is perfect for slow walks. The city awakes during the football matches. Fans of Real Madrid and Atletico come from all the parts of the country to enjoy the game.
The center of Madrid is situated between three squares: “Plaza del Sol”, “Plaza Mayor” and “Plaza de Espana”. The look of historical Madrid with its medieval irregular planning can be seen to the south from “Puerto Del Sol”. There are medieval gates of the city which are followed by ten streets. Monuments of XVI-XVIII centuries like Episcopal chapel that was constructed in 1520, Plaza de mayor and and Antonio de los Alemanes church, baroque style churches – San Jines, San Isidro el Real and others.
Madrid has the biggest palace in Europe which is considered to be among top 10 famous sights – Palacio Real. Its construction began in 1734 by the project of great Italian masters Sabatini and Saketti. The last king who lived in the palace was Alfonso XIII. Today’s royal family lives in a lowlier residence and this place is used for representational purposes. Palacio Real is truly enormous. It has more than 2000 rooms and halls that are decorated with fascinating Spanish and Flemish tapestries and clocks. Special attention is given to the Throne room, flattery, Royal arm room, library and drugstore. In addition, there is a unique museum of carriages. Showpieces have been carefully selected since XVI century.
Basilica San –Francisco –del – Grande is situated in the district that has the same name, was constructed on the ruins of the St. Francisco monastery. Erection of the building was finished in 1784 by all-known Sabatini. Basilica holds one of the world famous masterpieces, “Sparkling eyes” by Goya.
Another great place and a huge tourist attraction is Plaza Mayor. It appeared in a market district Arrabal in 1618. This square was done in Madrid’s Baroque. It was built by the Spanish king Philip III order, who wanted to leave a memory about his reign. Madrid’s main square was designed by Juan Gomes de Mora in 1619. The square is surrounded by 136 buildings that have 436 balconies. From these balconies people observe monarch’s enthronements, bullfights, folk festivals. The center of the Square is occupied by the statue of the same king- Philip III. This place is always filled with tourists. In the summertime lots of concerts, carnivals and theatricals are held here.
A must see place in Madrid is a Catedral de la Almudena. It is a Neo-Gothic cathedral that has one of the most popular statues of the Virgin Mary- Santa Maria Almudena, also known as a protector of Madrid.
Madrid is without doubts a very beautiful architectural city and every street and every corner has its own history and its spirit.